Glossary
AccentEmphasis put on a note to make it stand out against the surrounding notes.
Accidental A sharp, flat, natural or other symbol appearing in front of a notehead. An accidental indicates how the pitch is to be altered when played.
Application A program with a graphical user interface that you my run from the Finder, such as NoteAbilityPro.
Arpeggio When the tones of a chord are sounded successively rathr than simultaneously.
Articulation A mark placed above or below a note to indicate how it should be played. Staccato marks, accent marks and tenutos are examples of articulation.
Audio Units components installed in OS-X to create or modify sounds. Audio Units can be patched together to create complex audio systems.
Button A control that you must click on to make something happen, or press to cause a continuous action. Buttons are labeled with text, graphics, or both.
CD-ROMA Compact Disc containing files and/or applications that your computer can read from but is unable to write onto.
Clef A sign usually found at the befinning of each line of written music, and used fo fix the relative position of notes on the staff.
Chord Combination of several tones sounded simultaneously. In NoteAbilityPro, chords are defined as a group of notes that belong to the same voice and are positioned at the same beat location.
Click To position the cursor on a object and, without moving the mouse, press and release a mouse button.
Click track A rhythmic guide track consisting of a series of clicks (on each beat of the measure) used to assist in time-keeping during recording.
Command Word or phrase in a menu that describes an action an application may take, or names a submenu or panel it may open. Also, a command is a sequence of typed characters that refers to a specific music image that will be added to the score.
Control PointThese are the handles by which images are moves and adjusted. All images have 1, 2, or 3 control points. The main control point is the main drawing position of the image (eg. the notehead of a note). the other control points are used for adjusting the size or shape of the image.
CrescendoGradually becoming louder.
Cursor The image on the screen that moves as you move the mouse; usually a target, an arrow, a cross, or an I-beam. When the computer performs an operation that requires completion before you may continue your work in the application, the cursor appears as a rotating disk.
DecrescendoGradually becoming softer.
DLS SynthesizerA built-in synthesizer which use downloadable sounds - normally in the form of soundFonts.
Double-click To click twice in quick succession on the same object. A double-click extends the kind of action accomplished by a click.
Double FlatA symbol placed in front of a note to indicate that it should sound 2 semitones lower.
Double SharpA symbol placed in front of a note to indicate that it sould sound 2 semitones higher.
Drag To position the cursor on something, press and hold down a mouse button, move the cursor to a new location (by moving the mouse), and then release the mouse button.
ExtensionThe last period in a file name and all characters that follow. A file's extension indicates the type of information in it. The OS-X Finder uses the extension to associate a file with a particular application. NoteAbilityPro scores have a .na extension, NoteAbilityPro text libraries have a .nl extension, NoteAbilityPro templates have a .nt extension, GUIDO files have a .gmn extension, and NoteWriter files have a .nwr extension.
Finder The application which manages your computer's desktop.
FlatA symbol placed in front of a note to indicate that it should sound 1 semitones lower.
Floppy diskPlastic disk, encased in a protective cartridge, that holds digital information.
Floppy disk driveMechanism that may store and retrieve data from a floppy disk.
Folder Place in the file system that contains files and other folders. Opening a folder displays the names of the files and folders it contains.
Icon Small pictorial representation of an applicaiton, file, folder, disk, or other item.
Insertion point The place where text, and graphics may be entered; usually represented by a blinking vertical I-beam.
Key signature A series of sharps of flats that indicates which notes in following measures should be played with sharps or flats. In tonal music, the key signature usually indicates the key of the music.
Key windowThe window or panel that currently receives keystrokes. Its title bar is highlighted and the window title appears in black. You make a window the key window by clicking in it. There can only be one key window at a time.
MeasureA group of a certain number of beats of a certain size as determined by the time signature.
Menu Window that contains a vertical list of commands or sub-menus that contain additional commands.
MIDI Music Instrument Digital Interface. A protocol that lets musical instruments communicate with one another and with computers.
Mouse button The buttons on the mouse is clicked to select buttons and menus while running NoteAbilityPro.
NoteheadThe part of a note that indicates the pitch.
OpenTo load a file into an application and make it visible to the user.
Panel Window that typically appears in response to a command and lets you control what the application does or provides information about the application.
Pasteboard Place where the computer stores the data that you last cut or copied with the Cut or Copy commands.
Quartertones Although the smallest musical interval in a piano keyboard is the semitone, it is possible to divide each semitone into two quartertones. Special accidentals can be used to indicate 1/4 sharps or 1/4 flats.
Quicktime Musical Instruments the built-in instrumental sounds that can be used without an external synthesizer
Real timeMethod of recording music by playing it on a MIDI keyboard in tempo.
Rest A symbol indicating a duration of silence in music.
Scroll To move through data in a window or section of a window when there's more than can be displayed at one time, so that a different part of the information is visible.
Scale StepThe distance between one pitch name and the next higher or lower pitch name. There are 8 scale steps in a diatonic octave.
Semitone The smallest step on a piano keyboard between one key and the next white or black key. There are 12 semitones in an octave.
Shell A window in which you may enter UNIX commands. You may open a shell window with the Terminal application.
Slur A graphic image that connects a group of notes and indicates that they should be played in a smooth or connected manner.
Staff (Staves) The lines (usually five) on which musical notation is written. Most instruments require only one staff, while some (eg. piano) require two or more.
StemThe vertical line attached to a notehead.
Step timeA recording method whereby a rhythmic value is specified and only the pitch is indicated on a MIDI keyboard.
Tempo The rate of speed of a musical piece indicated by a text marking (eg. largo, presto) or by metronome marking (i.e. the number of beats per minute).
Time Signature Two numbers (eg. 4/4) which indicate the number of beats in a measure and the type of note that gets a beat (eg. a quarter note).
Transpose To alter the key of a piece of music or to shift notes a set number of semitones up or down.
Tremolo Rapid repetition of a single note.
Trill Rapid alteration of two notes that are usually a step apart.
Window A rectangular area in which information is presented on the screen.

See also

© Keith A. Hamel 1998-2005 - All Rights Reserved